Update Corona virus (COVID-19)
July 16, 2020, 1pm (CET)
Updates in "Impact on Sea Logistics", Impact on Air Logistics", "Road Logistics" and “Alternative solutions for shipments"
After six months, we continue to be in a global pandemic but see many areas returning to a new normal. We remain vigilant in all our offices and operations and closely monitor developments globally.
More than ever we see the importance of uninterrupted supply chains and the role the logistics industry plays for society as a whole. We take our responsibility very seriously at Kuehne+Nagel. We are thankful for the positive feedback we receive every day from customers whose supply chains we serve under difficult circumstances. This motivates everyone involved - truck drivers, warehouse workers, sea, air and road freight experts, and management - to continue to deliver on our promises.
Even if the pandemic is still impacting many aspects of our lives the logistics industry has adjusted to the new circumstances. We therefore have adapted the frequency of our Covid-19 page and will publish updates only when relevant news or insights become available.
Our focus continues to be on protecting the health and safety of our employees and ensuring our customers’ operations run as smoothly as possible during this difficult period. We provide our colleagues in sales and operations with in-depth information on a regular basis so that they can support our customers with the most up-to-date and relevant advice.
We will continue to update you as the situation evolves. Please do not hesitate to reach out to your local Kuehne+Nagel representative if you need more information.
Health and safety measures at Kuehne + Nagel
The health and safety of our customers and employees remains our top priority. All Kuehne+Nagel offices have implemented actions according to recommendations from the World Health Organisation.
As regions differ in levels of locking down more or starting to open up, we are adapting our business continuity measures accordingly. The Kühne+Nagel commitment to operating under COVID-19 circumstances include responsibilty on management side to adapt sites enabling social distance, staggered work schedules, safe commuting, frequent disinfection, cleaning procedures and more.
Currently, the majority of our staff are successfully working from home.
In regards to risk of virus on packages and pallets we receive and deliver, we deem the risk low, following WHO statement of "The likelihood of an infected person contaminating commercial goods is low and the risk of catching the virus that causes COVID-19 from a package that has been moved, travelled, and exposed to different conditions and temperature is also low."
Business continuity program
As a global logistics company, we are facing supply chain disruptions on a regular basis. We adapt continuously our global standards of business continuity management and test our Business Continuity Plans addressing different crisis scenarios.
They are designed to protect the safety and wellbeing of our employees and to ensure an uninterrupted service for our customers. In respect of the magnitude of the COVID-19 effect, we are executing new and continuous risk assessments, business impact analysis and implementing new measures into our business continuity framework based on alert levels.
The learnings from the activation of BCPs in China at the beginning of the crisis have helped us to make changes and improvements in all our BCPs around the world. All countries have established national response teams in order to either prepare for, or execute activation of these plans.
Where deemed appropriate by our national management teams and where required by governmental decrees, we activate preventive measures and processes, which include temperature control of employees and visitors (within the parameters set by locally applicable laws such as data protection laws), self-declarations, segregated/flexi work arrangements, options to work from home, the sanitisation of our offices and sites, and the provision of essential hygiene products at workplaces. Standard processes have also been defined in case of staff being infected or exposed to people who are infected.
We are sharing hygienic guidelines with our suppliers to ensure greater awareness within the supply chain. Drivers arriving for collection or delivery undergo a briefing on hygienic best practices, and where permissible, are instructed to fill out self-declarations.
We have implemented global travel restrictions and external and internal meetings are either conducted as video conferences, or only in the presence of a small number of participants observing social distancing recommendations as issued by public health authorities.
General situation in our regions
An increasing number of states in the US, and provinces in Canada have taken steps to reopen businesses. Mexico recently implemented further measures to control the spread of the Coronavirus in-country. Our North America businesses units are operating efficiently in what continues to be a challenging environment with most aspects of our pandemic business continuity measures still in-place. Planning is underway for a resumption of ‘Normal’ over the next weeks and months with ongoing protective measures for employees, contractors and visitors in our offices and warehouses.
South and Central America
Several governments in South and Central America have declared “state of emergency”, and most countries are with borders partially or completely closed. others have enacted national quarantine to prevent the spread of the virus by forcing the closure of our locations, but they continue operating remotely. In Brazil, some states are taking the necessary steps to reopen business. Despite the challenging environment, operations continue to function.
In varying degree, locations in Europe are returning to our locations under strict new procedures based on local risk assessments, capabilities and governemental advice. Countries are fully operational, with some delays and alternative procedures due to governemental restrictions.
Business in China has returned to normal. Transport movements, including trucking services, are also returning to normal status. Precautionary measures are still implemented in KN premises to safeguard our employees.
For the rest of Asia Pacific, we see an ease of the strict restrictions in some countries. A calibrated and slow approach is planned for the return of employees to the workplace. Safe distance measures and other ongoing preventive measures are implemented to ensure a safe working environment. We continue to remain vigilant on the situation and adjust our work arrangement accordingly.
Middle East and Africa
As the number of confirmed cases continues to rise, state and local authorities in the Middle East and Africa countries have called for more stringent steps to be taken for local governments and businesses. As a result, we have activated further control measures in our business continuity plans. Despite the challenging environment, all operations continue to function.
Impact on Road Logistics
We take this opportunity to thank our drivers, who are tirelessly collecting and delivering shipments under challenging conditions. We also extend our thanks to our customers and recipients of shipments who allow our drivers access to their restrooms. We truly appreciate those who go out of their way to help our drivers do a great job. By all of us working together and showing respect to each other, we jointly contribute to keeping our supply chains afloat.
Like European overland markets, the Kuehne+Nagel network is facing less restrictions compared to previous months. The development on an overall European scale however is rather volatile between above average volume growth because of recovery from previous weeks, upcoming summer holidays break and impact by still existing Covid19 limitations in certain areas. This can lead to some partial reroutings and small delays in selected lanes. The current expectations for the next weeks force us to keep the following pre-conditions in place until further notice.
For any country in Europe, we still strongly ask shippers to check the availability and readiness of their customers to receive shipments during business hours, before handing shipments over to us. Shipments which cannot be delivered due to absent consignees will be returned to shippers at their cost. In case shippers are not able to receive these returned shipments, storage cost will apply.In case of pick-up orders customers also need to ensure readiness of their pick-up addresses. If this is not given, cost of the pick-up attempts will be charged.
Further customers need to ensure that consignee’s will confirm receipt of cargo.
In almost all European countries additional border checks and measures to contain the spread are being conduct. Therefore time delays need to be expected for international transports.
Overall, trucking services in China continue to recover. The operation for cross-border trucking to and from Hong Kong (SAR, China) remains normal.
The congestion situation at the China/Vietnam border (Pingxiang border) has eased out. Operation at Vietnam and Laos/Cambodia border is getting to normal.
For Thailand, domestic and cross-border movement for commercial and essential goods between Thailand and Myanmar/Laos/Cambodia is allowed.
All drivers need to undergo health checks. For cross-border trucking to Central Asian countries, China/Kazakhstan border (Horgos border) opened on March 18. We see congestion at the border due to the additional health safety measures implemented. Similarly, trucking to Europe via the China/Russia route (Manzhouli border) faces slight congestion due to the increased health safety measures at the border.
As of June 10, the Malaysian government has implemented a Recovery Movement Control Order (RMCO) until August 31. Movement of goods in and out of the country must adhere to the RMCO standard operating procedure. The Indian Government has extended limited lockdown in some of the cities notified by the Government as containment zones until July 30. However, transportation of goods is allowed, except for the containment zones listed by the Government. The situation and border control measures in most of these countries are evolving rapidly as the COVID-19 situation continues to change. We are closely monitoring the situation and will provide further updates on this page.
North America, US, Canada and Mexico border restrictions only impact "non-essential" travel and do not apply to the transportation of goods and services. Additional US states have closed business deemed non-essential. The majority of US states have orders to stay at homeThe majority of US states have orders to stay at home, however these measures are not directed at commercial truck traffic. Check with individual partners on their operation status prior to shipping because nearly all LTL carriers will be returning freight immediately (<1 day) after a refusal due to a closed consignee. Cargo cannot be held at the destination due to large volumes of undeliverable freight resulting in additional charges.
US domestic truckload capacity is tightening, but federal and state governments are committed to keeping the supply chain moving. The majority of LTL and Small package carriers will suspend physical signatures. In adherence to the “Social Distancing” policy, drivers will not be obtaining signatures from consignees. Drivers will record the exact time, note any exceptions and obtain the name of the person who is accepting the freight. As spot market truckload rates rise to highly affected areas, less drivers are willing to take loads into these areas forcing the ad hoc rates to climb. Urgent orders of retail goods drive rates up for van and reefer equipment. Retailers, including e-commerce outlets, rely increasingly on spot market providers to re-stock shelves immediately, while truckers report long wait times at pickup and delivery points.
Pennsylvania DOT reopened 13 of 30 rest areas with parking and temporary facilities. After pressure from the American Trucking Association states have reopened sites with temporary facilities, but limited services. Commercially run truck stops continue to operate with limited dine in options as governed by their individual jurisdiction.
Impact on Sea Logistics
The situation in each country is evolving daily as the authorities extend or relax restrictions. In general, the situation has become more stable and predictable, and worldwide the effects of COVID-19 are decreasing from week to week. Equipment availability, space, and blanked vessel sailings remain to have an impact on the overall situation. Our local experts are at your full disposal to assist and support you with your specific requirements.
Our sea logistics operations are fully functional with minimal impact from having to work remotely. The main CFS gateways in US are operating normally but with reduced hours. Due to decreases in vessel operations some ports or terminals have reduced operating days or hours. However, cargo is still flowing into/in US and Canada.
Nationwide demonstrations are only having a limited effect on local port operations.
Central South America
There are currently no major restrictions on sea logistics operations. The offices are still handling business, but with reduced staff or in home office mode. The ports are operational, but delays may occur in the terminals due to reduced staff, reduced attention hours and local quarantine measures. We see medium impacts on equipment avalability - especially reefer containers.
In Brazil, the ports supplying agricultural products continue to operate as normal.
Argentina extended the lockdown in Buenos Aires and some other parts of the country. Vessel operations are normal. The cargo-gate-process is normal with delays, but giving priority to essential cargo (e.g. food, pharma, etc) the ports, customs and CFS work with skeleton staff and can only handle essential shipments accepted by customs authorities.
Bolivia and Peru also instructed general quarantine, so delivery from ports is impacted, but the operations are regular. In Chile, the government has again extended the total quarantine for the Metropolitan Region and also for San Antonio and Valparaiso until further notice, but sea logistics operations are not affected. All ports are in operation, but there is some congestion – especially in the Port of Valparaiso and the Port of San Antonio.
Terminal, depot and CFS operations in China are back to normal. The arrival of large bulk carriers in China has returned to normal. As a consequence of new custom procedures, the reefer yard capacity reached its limits in the Ports of Yantian and Shanghai.
Most regions in India extended the lockdown until 31 July.
All non-essential manufacturing, government and private business premises in the countries are still not operating - though the agricultural sector and other essential industries have been given special permission to open.
In Bangladesh, restrictions are set to be eased. Ports in Bangladesh are operational, but with reduced capacity and facing severe port congestion issues. Similarly in Japan, ports are facing slight congestion.
Malaysia enters into a Recovery Movement Control Order phase. All manufacturers have resumed production while adhering to guidelines and SOPs of local authorities. Still, all essential services, such as ports and transportation companies, continue to run, but with limited operations.
In Thailand cluster, sea ports and terminals are working as normal. Customs release is allowed in Myanmar and an increasing number of factories are allowed to operate again.
In Australia, vessels are sailing as scheduled. Some delays are expected from this week onwards at Melbourne port given a second wave of COVID-19 in VIC.
In the other countries we see "business as usual" from a ports and carrier perspective. Operations are less impacted from process delays including customs and trucking as countries eased restrictions. However, space and equipment continue to be put under pressure due to effects of massive blank sailings implemented by shipping lines.
Carriers continue to blank sailings by taking out up to 50% capacity on Asian as well as North American trade lanes to balance supply and demand. Few ports, e.g. Genoa, La Spezia and Livorno, still report slower gate in and out procedures due to reduced working hours to comply with COVID-19 preventive measures.
However, the situation in some European countries is beginning to stabilise and governments start to ease the strict lockdown measures that have been in place to slow down the spread of the Coronavirus. Production is slowly resuming and car manufacturers across Europe have begun to reopen their factories.
Middle East and Africa
Ports and terminals are operational with delays due to carriers and customs shorter working hours, preventive measures and reduced capacity. Reefer plugs become short as reefer containers keep stocking up. Ports, CFS and cargo vessels are still operating, but with precautionary measures. There is a decrease of volumes visible at all port terminals.
Turkey is facing impacts on imports and exports. Here, vessel sailings, equipment availability and carrier operations are effected here.In Saudi Arabia, operations are affected by the current curfew and ports, CFSs and customs are working with limited opening hours. Food and medicine are prioritised. In Kenya, port operations are greatly affected by social distancing regulations. However, import and export operations are not affected. In Angola, vessels are cleared remotely in most ports.
In South Africa the export of agricultural goods is permitted. Commercial ports previously closed have reopened, but terminals/ports still operate at reduced capacity. The berthing times of the ships in the various ports are between 1 and 5 days. The Port of Cape Town reports service restrictions, as the port runs with 50% staff. Vessel space is tight as season for reefer transports started.
Impact on Air Logistics
The travel restriction between 26 countries in Europe and the United States, that became effective on March 13, and the EU restrictions effective on March 17 only apply to passenger travel. The majority of airlines announced a drastic reduction of passenger flights offering limited capacity at market rates.
To contain further coronavirus disease outbreak, restriction on non-essential activities was put in place in almost all of the US states and between the United States and its Northern (Canadian) and Southern (Mexican) borders. Additionally, from May 29, the US Government has suspended travel from Brazil for foreign nationals. These measures do not apply to trade flows, and all our branches continue to operate with reduced staff or in home office mode.
Since the trade lane between Europe and North America is largely dominated by passenger aircraft, we have been experiencing a severe drop in the available capacity. In reaction to the evolved constraints caused by cuts in belly capacity, we see an increase in freighter and passenger freighter capacity.
Our airfreight operations in Europe continue running smoothly. We still experience some capacity constraints to major markets as the majority of flag carriers have not yet restarted their global network. Due the decreasing amount of incoming Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) shipments, major transshipment airports like Frankfurt and Luxembourg are no longer congested. Freighter capacity has reached the maximum and carriers are now offering additional belly capacity on congested lanes such as Europe to the US as well as Europe to Asia to position their aircraft for the PPE imports.
South Central America
Following border closures and lockdowns of some South American countries and the subsequent drop in travel demand, carriers reduced their international operations, leading to limited available capacity in the market also in this region. The national carriers LATAM Airlines and Avianca, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection without any operational consequences during the time of restructuring. The overall operational status of airports, truckers and customs is stable, and all our Air Logistics branches are operating, in most cases, partially from home.
Middle East and Africa
Capacity constraints are also seen in the Middle East and Africa region with all airlines having suspended/reduced their passenger flights on the routings into the region. National carriers Etihad Airways and Emirates suspended several passenger flights as per the UAE government’s directive, however, selected passenger flights to fifty destinations are back on schedule from July 2020. Cargo flights are exempt from this suspension and will continue to over a hundred of cargo destinations. Our operations continue running with teams working from home/operating in split setups in all countries, including countries that have imposed countrywide lockdowns.
The overall situation with regard to the operational status of airports, truckers and customs clearance in China has returned to normal levels. Since May, the demand for PPE has sharply decreased positively impacting operational status of Greater China airports - no airport congestion is reported.
In early June, China adjusted policies for international passenger flights, allowing more foreign carriers to resume flights to China, according to the Civil Aviation Administration of China.
To support the global pandemic situation more effectively and ensure the orderly export of quality medical supplies, the Chinese government has a strong focus on quality check for non-medical face mask and medical supplies by requesting documentation and customs inspection on site. The inspection rate by the Chinese customs is still higher than normal levels but the inspection time doesn’t cause any delay.
Following the growing number of newly reported coronavirus cases in Beijing, the city customs enhanced security supervision on perishable/cool chain food/bulk food from 17 June 2020 until further notice and implemented COVID-19 detection before import declaration. Furthermore, the customs has new requirements for the disinfection of those kinds of goods import, which now will be disinfected before and after ULD breakdown. These additional measures might result in slight delays.
Pressure on capacity caused by limited passenger flight activity is seen in the majority of South Asia Pacific countries. Some countries face increased cases of COVID-19, which has led to further restrictions and partial lockdowns.Complete lockdown in India has a direct impact on customs and terminal operations, trucking, and available capacity since all international passenger flights are suspended until July 31. In Hong Kong, due to a new infection waive, the Civil Aviation Department and the Department of Health require airline crew to take a mandatory Covid-19 test upon arrival; this measure has affected carrier operations, leading to multiple flight cancellations.
The majority of carriers closed down or made significant cuts in their passenger networks, which has led to a and we see shortage of lift on the main trade lanes. In order to compensate for belly capacity shortages, freighter capacity has significantly increased. We see that urgent air cargo demand for PPE has declined, which is also reflected by the reduction of the dedicated for the PPE passenger freighters. Therefore, we expect there will still be a significant imbalance of demand and available capacity in the market.
We are working closely with our long-term carrier partners to have full transparency of the situation to address the needs and requirements of our customers. At this point, we can no longer assure lead times at their applicable rates. To the extent available, charter space will be offered at current market rates.
Our Air Logistics teams are fully informed about the latest development of the situation, and we encourage you to reach out to your respective Kuehne + Nagel contact person for any further questions and any specific requirements regarding your airfreight shipments.
IATA's Airlines Cargo Operations Status page offers daily updated operational overview collected directly from IATA carrier members.
Alternative solutions for shipments
We remain committed to serving our valued customers. Besides working closely with carrier partners to provide solutions for urgent shipments, we have also activated alternative transport modes and route solutions to support your business needs.
Working closely with our key airline partners, our air logistics experts maintain regular space allocations on major Asian and Translantantic routes and have established additional weekly charter rotations to service both markets for urgent supply needs. A weekly fixed operating schedule and new charter movements on high demand trade lanes will help to avoid production and supply chain delays, and ensure the continuation of your operations caused by present and future implications of the „Coronavirus“ outbreak.
- Time-Critical solutions
The impact of COVID-19 poses particular challenges for critical logistics needs in the healthcare, aviation or manufacturing industries. To expedite your deliveries, resolve transport delays and ensure the continuation of supply chain flows, Quick/Sterling, a Kuehne + Nagel company, is dedicated to offer you the time-critical solutions you need. Despite global travel restrictions, countries` lockdowns and severe capacity constraints on all trade lanes, our expert teams are committed to support you. Do you have an urgent shipment? Contact our experts in time-critical logistics.
- Sea-Air Product
Kuehne + Nagel Sea-Air product, a combination of sea freight and air freight transport modes, helps to reduce costs, expedite your deliveries and ease capacity constraints whenever possible. We are operating several state-of-the-art Air freight hubs around the world to serve a large number of destinations by Sea-Air or Air-Sea in Asia, Europe and the America.
- Air-Air Service
When flight options become scarce, you might wish to stay in the air: With our air-air solution, your cargo flies to Dubai from where it will go up in the air again to reach its final destination. As one of the largest gateways and consolidation hubs, Dubai is the answer to the rising transportation demand while flight availability is still limited. Once the shipment arrives in Dubai, the Kuehne + Nagel air logistics team manages the inbound handling and the on-forwarding to the final destination. Supported by a network of carriers and partners, our team can find the best connection to keep your cargo flying. Reach out to your local Kuehne + Nagel office.
- We offer KN Pledge for full sea container transport. It includes a guaranteed lead-time for your shipments with a money-back guarantee.
- Customers can review in real-time, all available services, including regular service updates via our digital platform, seaexplorer. Seaexplorer enables customers to search for appropriate alternative service options in case of service disruptions.
- Our KN LCL-Expedited Service offers you an alternative for imports from Asia or Europe to the United States or vice versa with a faster transit time than regular LCL services: Using a direct route from the port of discharge to the customer location, which skips the inland CFS location, the Expedited Service is up to 6 days faster. For further information please contact your local Kuehne + Nagel office.
- eShipAsia – our latest online logistics platform enables Intra-Asia shippers to optimise shipment based on the route, transit time and cost instantly. Its instant and competitive quotations provide full transparency on all applicable surcharges, meanwhile its advanced online track and trace features allow users to stay informed on their shipment status anytime, anywhere.
- We have introduced the priority service "Reefer-Go" for time critical pharma and healthcare consignments that need to be loaded in south and central European ports according to a defined schedule. For further information, please contact your local Kuehne + Nagel reefer or pharma seafreight team.
With short transit times and low freight costs our door-to-door rail service KN Eurasia Express provides you an optimal alternative transport mode for connections between China, Russia and Europe. Kuehne + Nagel works closely with all railway companies to ensure you maximum flexibility. Weekly departures are guaranteed from major terminals in China, such as Wuhan, Chengdu, Xi’an, Suzhou and Zhengzhou to destinations across Russia, Europe and vice versa.
Even though most borders in all affected countries are open for transport of goods, all shipments need special attention regarding export and import documentation.
Our customs clearance services are available and fully operational in all major regions. Customs authorities in all major regions are fully operational as well, although some ports may have delays due to reduced staffing potentially affecting inspections and other manual clearance processes.
Please see the following country specific customs websites for status updates. The situation remains fluid given the circumstances. We recommend that you regularly check for changes:
Check here for Europe, here for UK, here for USA, here for Canada and here for Mexico. Please reach out to your Kuehne + Nagel representative for further guidance.
We will continue to update you as the situation evolves. Please do not hesitate to reach out to your local Kuehne + Nagel representative if you need more information.
DISCLAIMER - All information is provided in good faith for guidance and reference purposes only. It is of a general informational nature, and Kuehne + Nagel takes no legal responsibility for the accuracy of the information provided via this document. Kuehne + Nagel makes no representation as to the accuracy or completeness of any of the information contained herein and accepts no liability for any loss arising from the use of the information provided.